West-East or East-West? Reflections on the elusive origins of metallurgy

Dr. Horst Friedrich
Germany

Summary: 
Several typical scenarios with respect to the origins and diffusion of metallurgy are presented and discussed, with the provisional conclusion that we are not yet, because of insufficient evidence, in a position to pronounce with certainty on this important but also difficult problem. For the time being we should concentrate on urgently needed additional research in this field.